Alqonquin Land Claim area map 2012

Algonquin Land Claim Agreement-in-Principle – Updates

April 2022 – The Algonquin Land Claim (ALC) Ontario negotiation team recently reported to FOCA and other stakeholders that modest progress continues despite the considerable difficulties negotiating this complex modern treaty in the face of the COVID pandemic. While the Algonquin Negotiation Representatives have been focused on some fundamental questions about their enrolment requirements and organizational structure, the Ontario negotiation team has been reviewing the input received through their 2020-2021 public consultations on the proposed Algonquins of Ontario (AOO) lands package. They report having been able to develop proposals for local solutions to many of the outstanding concerns, and they look forward to advancing those discussions with the AOO.

Ontario is also preparing options to address legal interests such as leases and land use permits on the proposed AOO settlement lands, hoping to build on the good work that has been done with the forestry sector, the AOO and Ontario representatives in completing forestry transition plans.  The Province will be engaging with FOCA and others on these matters, as well as concluding the Algonquin Land Claim Declaration Order processes, later in 2022.

There is still much more work to be done to complete the negotiations, and the three parties continue to work toward a goal of achieving this in 2024.

You can read updates about the Treaty Negotiations on the AOO webpage: and the government of Ontario webpage:

October 26, 2020 – Ontario is currently engaging in the next phase of consultations regarding provincial lands matters related to the Algonquins of Ontario (AOO) treaty negotiations.  Here you will find related materials:

Further information can be found at:

If you have questions, or would like to provide comments, please contact 1-844-276-9091 or .

Comments will be received until December 10, 2020.

November 4, 2020 – Algonquin Land Claim moves forward to 2023 negotiation completion (

October 2, 2020 – Massive Ottawa suburb planned by Algonquins of Ontario hinges on urban boundary expansion in east end (Ottawa Citizen)

May 2020 – Progress continues on finalizing a revised Agreement in Principle.  Newly impacted landowners in the Claim area can expect to hear from MNRF by the Fall of 2020. FOCA expects to see a revised public consultation under the Environmental Assessment Act by early 2021.

June 2019 – FOCA participated in a stakeholder meeting for updates about the Algonquin Land Claim. The next round of public outreach, including details about the proposed settlement lands, is expected in late 2019.

September 13, 2018 – Canada, Ontario and Williams Treaties First Nations reach negotiated settlement (CP Newswire)
The traditional territories of the Williams Treaties First Nations are located primarily in the Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario watersheds and includes certain principal tributaries and streams.

June 28, 2018 –  Indigenous communities are increasingly asserting their treaty rights in areas where Ontarians spend their summers (TVO)

September 29, 2017 –Land claim process seeks public input on proposed settlement lands (Perth Courier)

Comments or concerns should be submitted by Tuesday, October 17, 2017 to, by phone at 1-844-276-9091, or by mail at the Ontario Information Centre, Algonquin Land Claim, 31 Riverside Dr., Pembroke, ON, K8A 8R6

For all the details from the Province, including public meeting info, click here.

September 22, 2017 – Negotiator hopes for agreement for shared use (North Bay Nugget)

August 29, 2017 – FOCA has been notified that the next step towards a settlement of the Algonquin Land Claim involves an assessment of the potential environmental effects related to the proposed transfer of lands in accordance with the signed Agreement-in-Principle (AIP). The Agreement involves the transfer of approximately 117,500 acres of provincial lands to the Algonquins of Ontario.
The Draft Environmental Evaluation Report (EER) addresses environmental effects, which under the Environmental Assessment Act include social, cultural, economic and natural environment effects. In assessing the environmental effects of the transfer of provincial lands, it documents the effects to:

  • access;
  • industries, public utilities and business interests;
  • recreational uses;
  • adjacent land uses;
  • natural environment; and
  • cultural environment.

Ontario is seeking comment on the Draft EER from August 28, 2017 through October 17, 2017. All comments received during the notice period will be considered and a Final Environmental Evaluation Report will be prepared and released for public inspection.

The Draft EER can also be reviewed and commented upon during nine public open houses, or electronically.

To obtain a copy of the Draft EER and/or provide comments online, please visit

November 2016 – Recent FOCA meetings with representatives from the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation have provided a timetable for next steps in this land claim process:

Spring 2017: Proposed terms of the Environmental Assessments (EA) related to land dispositions/transfers will be made available for public consultation

2018: Revised / final versions of the EA will be posted for comment.

Algonquin Land Claim Brochure, Oct. 2016 (pdf, 2MB)

 Infographic – Algonquins of Ontario Land Claim Negotiations

Note there are detailed property maps of the Proposed Settlement Lands, including the parcel #’s, available at the following links:

For detailed (“descriptive”) plans of these settlement lands,  listed by Parcel #, click here.


November 28, 2016 – Algonquins of Ontario getting into development business (CBC)

October 2016 – FOCA received formal notice from the Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation, thanking FOCA for having been part of the Committee of External Advisors during the Agreement-in-Principle process. Read the Minister’s letter to FOCA, here. (PDF, 2 pages)

image: asterix buttonOctober 18, 2016 – After many years of negotiation and consultation, the Algonquins of Ontario today signed the Algonquin Land Claim Agreement in Principle (AIP) with the Governments of Ontario, and Canada. The signing of the AIP begins a process of negotiating a legally binding agreement between the parties and finalizing all aspects of the land, finances, and legal entitlements that are considered in this Agreement.

For those directly affected by the proposed terms (landowners, municipalities, businesses etc), the Government of Ontario will be communicating specifics in the weeks to come.

This new stage in the settlement signals the end of the formal role of FOCA, and other stakeholder groups as part of the Committee of External Advisors. FOCA will remain plugged-in to the negotiations specifically with the Province of Ontario representatives on behalf of our members in this region.

To view the maps of the specific lands that are part of the ALC Settlement Area
(District of Nipissing, City of Ottawa, Counties of Renfrew, Hastings, Lanark, Lennox and Addington),click here .

Detailed maps for every numbered parcel can be found here .

Recent Media coverage about the AIP signing:

Why Ontario’s first modern-day treaty is set up to fail (Nov. 8 – TVO)

Algonquin land claim treaty still years away (Oct. 26 – Pembroke Daily Observer)

Historic land deal with Algonquin peoples signed by federal, Ontario governments (CBC)

Tentative First Nations land claim deal reached (Kingston Whig-Standard)

Historic agreement reached (Cornwall Standard-Freeholder)

Quebec First Nations may try to block Algonquin land claim (CBC)

Earlier News Items:

April 28, 2016 – What’s next for Algonquin land claim process (Pembroke Daily Observer)

April 26, 2016 – Off-reserve Algonquins meeting May 29 (Pembroke Daily Observer)
Chief of the Kinounchepirini Algonquin People says the government of Canada never really recognized off-reserve Algonquins, and because of that, they should reject the process itself.

March 17, 2016 – Algonquins vote 90 per cent to proceed with land claim talks (Pembroke Daily Observer)

March 17, 2016 – Algonquins of Pikwakanagan reject AOO modern treaty (APTN National News)

March 11, 2015 – Algonquins of Ontario claim facing internal tensions, accusations some involved not Indigenous (APTN National News)

March 4, 2016 – Chiefs say proposed Algonquin land claim deal illegal, fraudulent (CP)

February 29 – Algonquins of Pikwakanagan call for council to pull out of talks  (Pembroke Daily Observer)

February 26 –  February 29 until March 7 -Algonquins will be voting on the AIP (Pembroke Daily Observer)

A letter from the Algonquin land claim’s principal negotiator(Pembroke Daily Observer)

February 27, 2016 – Key Algonquin chief wants tighter rules on who can be part of massive Ontario modern treaty (APTN National News)  

January 2016 – See the whole January 2016 newsletter, from the Algonquin Negotiation Representatives (ANRs)  

Quoted: “The Algonquins have sought justice and recognition from the Crown for over 250 years. The Algonquins of Ontario (AOO) have now reached a moment of decision:

      • Will we move forward towards Ontario’s first modern-day, constitutionally protected Treaty?
      • Or, will we or future generations be obliged to start over to try to secure an agreement?”

December 2, 2015 – The Algonquins of Ontario have indicated  that eligible Algonquin Voters will signify whether they approve of the terms of the proposed Agreement in Principle (AIP) through a ratification vote that will be held between February 29th and March 7th, 2016. Note that the proposed AIP is not a legally binding document, but it provides the framework for future negotiations towards a Final Agreement that will have the legal status of a modern-day Treaty. Read the full Press Release.

Algonquins of Ontario (AOO) “Notice of Vote” and background information website 

December 2, 2015 – Major milestone has been reached in the Algonquin land claim process (Pembroke Daily Observer)

November 19, 2015 – FOCA receives a status update and additional information about the ALC.   (Many useful links)

June 12, 2015 – In a News Release today, the Province of Ontario announced the initial signing of the Algonquin Land Claim Agreement-in-Principle, by the governments of Canada and Ontario and the Algonquins of Ontario.

The agreement-in-principle (AIP) is one step towards the negotiation of a final agreement.

FOCA received this information via a general press release.

According to the press Backgrounder released by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) on June 12:

BUTTON asterix“Provincial Crown lands identified for potential transfer to Algonquin ownership generated more public interest than any other element of the preliminary draft AIP. As a result of those consultations, modifications were made to 36 of the 221 proposed land parcels.”

However, FOCA has received no specific details about the modifications to the land parcels, mentioned above.

Also according to AANDC:

“It is anticipated that the proposed AIP will be put forward to the Algonquins of Ontario for a ratification vote. If it ratified, and then approved by the governments of Canada and Ontario, another stage of negotiations will begin. The end result would be a final agreement that will take the form of a modern-day treaty.”

Some background:

In February 2015, after several years with very sparse and selective communications, FOCA implored respectfully with the negotiators from the Provincial and Federal negotiators working on the Algonquin Land Claim to be kept in the loop on behalf of our members.

The response to FOCA’s request from Ontario’s chief negotiator was that they, “…will certainly try to keep you in the loop on our activities liaising with lake associations and of course you will be kept advised on the progress of the AIP.”

Despite being listed as members of the Committee of External Advisors (CEA), FOCA indicated that we were hearing nothing from either the negotiating team nor the people doing the field work on the proposed settlement lands. Regular communications,  even by way of a regular update on current activities, next steps, recent developments etc., would be a distinct improvement, according to the communication from FOCA.

magnifying glassFOCA remains concerned that based on our first hand experience to date, in the void, thousands of people affected and interested in the Land Claim are left to create their own version of the management of this process, how it is being executed, and how (or if) the stakeholders’ interests are being considered.

Other members of the CEA, including the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters, have recently expressed similar sentiments about the opaque process to date.

In addition to seeking information regarding the status of the AIP overall, FOCA feels it is important for cottagers and other landowners to be kept informed of any agreements, negotiated settlements etc. with lake associations and individuals in the Land Claim area, as the Province continues to do their due diligence on the parcels of land being considered as part of the AIP.

By sharing this information with FOCA as a CEA member, we can be in a better position to understand the nature of the concerns and issues being discussed, and how these are being resolved/dealt with.

Despite recent official claims from Ontario stating “an unprecedented amount of information has been provided to the public,” many affected residents remain concerned and somewhat in the dark.

FOCA remains committed to a land claim process that genuinely considers existing landowners’ interests, their knowledge and their input.

More Info:

The Chief negotiator for the Algonquins of Ontario, Robert J. Potts, and Chief Kirby Whiteduck of the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation were interviewed on June 22, 2015 on TVO’s The Agenda. You can read the transcript of this interview, by clicking here.

Negotiations have been in progress since the early 1990s. See the overview about the Land Claim from AANDC: here.

July 21, 2015 – Algonquin land claim moving ahead (North Bay Nugget)

Terry ReesAlgonquin Land Claim Agreement-in-Principle – Updates