Invasive Phragmites

2022- See a video from our Green Shovels partners at the Nature Conservancy of Canada, with tips for invasive Phragmites identification and removal:

Want to learn more about Phragmites? Look below for a June 2021 webinar from FOCA and partners. This material is available to all FOCA Association Members and annual Supporters by member login.

The Green Shovels Collaborative includes:

  • Federation of Ontario Cottagers’ Associations
  • Nature Conservancy of Canada
  • Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters
  • Invasive Species Centre
  • Ducks Unlimited Canada
  • Ontario Invasive Plant Council.

Related Materials to share:

Download a 2-page brochure from FOCA about Phragmites (PDF, under 1 MB size)

Invasive Phragmites – 2021 Best Management Practices in Ontario (download PDF, 73 pages) from the Ontario Invasive Plant Council

Invasive Phragmites – Best Management Practices (download PDF, 20 pages) from the province of Ontario (2011)

Invasive Phragmites Removal Protocol (The Land Between) (Note: Please refer to the most recent Invasive Phragmites – 2021 Best Management Practices in Ontario (above) for the latest, most detailed advice)

Learn more about invasive Phragmites from our partners at the Invasive Species Centre.

Want to learn more about Phragmites? Look below for a June 2021 webinar from FOCA and partners. This material is available to all FOCA Association Members and annual Supporters by member login.

Recent News & Events:

July 2022 – Following successful projects funded in 2021, FOCA issued a new call-for-proposals for member Associations to undertake on-the-ground Phragmites control. Get the details by downloading the Info/Application Form (PDF, 2 pages) which includes fillable fields to complete and return as your association’s submission. Projects may be funded up to $4,000 for eligible expenses. How to apply: Funding proposals should be submitted by sending the completed Info/Application Form (above) by email to by July 29, 2022, with the Subject Header: “2022 Phragmites Project Proposal.”

February 28 – March 4, 2022 is Invasive Species Awareness Week. Why should I care and what is being done about invasive species here in Ontario? Read about the Ontario Phragmites story and how the Green Shovels Collaborative is demonstrating how to reduce the impacts of this invasive species, here.

February 28, 2022: The President of the Lake Bernard Property Owners Association was interviewed to discuss the Green Shovels funding they received and the difference it will make in their fight against invasive phragmites. The article can be read, here: Volunteers look to win battle against invasive plant in Lake Bernard – North Bay News (

August 2021: Following successful pilot projects funded earlier this year, FOCA issued a new call for proposals for member Associations to undertake on-the-ground Phragmites control. How to apply: Funding proposals should be submitted by email to by September 30, 2021 with the Subject Header “2021-2022 Phragmites Project Proposal“.

Aug 25, 2021 – New fund aims to control spread of invasive common reed (

August 2021 – Watch the video update on the important strategic Phragmites work that the Green Shovels Collaborative has underway.

2021: FOCA has supported a number of our member Associations with some funding and technical support for local-level pilot projects that fulfill the goals of the Green Shovels Collaborative. Activities have included management, removal, and control plans for invasive Phragmites, as well as educational and awareness programming. The supported pilot projects further the important work from the Green Shovels Collaborative to be developed and delivered in the year(s) ahead.

August 23, 2021 – The Green Shovels Collaborative (GSC) – a team of not-for-profit organizations collaborating on some key invasive species priority projects – has been working to develop important new resources to strengthen our collective efforts to address Canada’s ‘worst’ invasive plant. We’ve released 2 new *Draft* documents through the GSC’s website which we would appreciate your feedback on. A bit more on each:

How can you help? Both documents are being released in draft form. We are very grateful to many of you who have provided your experience, data, photos and other forms of support to us as we’ve developed these resources over recent months. We want to ensure these 2 documents are as useful to Ontario’s Phragmites champions as possible, so we invite you to give them a look and let us know if you have any specific ideas on how we can improve them to support you better. All interested parties are asked to submit their thoughts via email to:

July 19, 2021 – ‘It’ll wreak havoc for wildlife’: An invasive plant is threatening Canada’s northern wetlands (CTV News)

June 2021 webinar – FOCA members can watch the recording of our ‘lunch-and-learn’ webinar session with Brooke Harrison of Georgian Bay Forever discussing invasive Phragmites: its characteristics, its spread and its controls. 

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During the webinar, attendees asked how to report areas of invasive Phragmites spotted along highways. The answer is to contact the Ontario Ministry of Transportation online, or call 416-235-4686 (Toll Free 1-800-268-4686).

July 6, 2021 – The Ontario Invasive Plant Council and BASF Canada are presenting an overview about Habitat Aqua for control of invasive Phragmites over water. This free workshop will outline all you need to know to obtain and use Habitat Aqua safely, effectively, and legally. The live workshop will be held virtually on Tuesday, July 6 from 10:00 – 1:00pm EST and will be recorded for future access.

April 23, 2021 – ‘Murder of the wetlands’: Invasive phragmites spreading to Lanark County (CBC)

January 2021 – Tackling the problem of invasive Phragmites (European Common Reed) – FOCA is part of the Green Shovels Coalition, a new collaborative of conservation organizations with a shared interest in protecting nature and the economy. With funding support from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, part of the Green Shovels Coalition’s goal is to prepare a Strategic Framework for Phragmites Management in Ontario. This project aligns with the actions set out in the Made In Ontario Environment Plan, Ontario’s Forest Sector Strategy, Ontario’s Biodiversity Strategy, Ontario Invasive Species Strategy and Invasive Species Act, Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, Endangered Species Act, and other important provincial, national, and binational conservation benchmarks.

For more about FOCA’s work on invasive species visit:

Michelle LewinInvasive Phragmites