Citizen Science – An Overview

What FOCA sees: We all love our waterfront environments, and want to ensure that the activities and experiences we treasure today will still be possible for future generations. Citizen scientists and lake stewards are essential in helping to maintain and improve the quality of Ontario’s inland lakes. Having dedicated volunteers who take the time to measure and report on changes will play a vital role in keeping our waterbodies healthy.

August 2022 – New study of Citizen Science volunteers & Trust in Science: A new article, published in the journal Environmental Sociology and written by FOCA and our partners at the Toronto Metropolitan University & Fairfield University of Connecticut, addresses these themes: Stewarding relations of trust: citizen scientist perspectives on fostering community trust in science (published online Aug.17, 2022).

Read FOCA’s related Media Release, with more study details (PDF, 3 pages)

Ten free copies of the full article are available from the publishers, on a first-come basis, using this link.

The article springs from a qualitative case study of our Lake Partner Program volunteers  that suggests lake stewards see themselves as translators and emissaries of environmental science within their communities. Trust in, and the credibility of, citizen science is related to:

  • the reputation of these individuals within their communities,
  • their effectiveness in translating the science into accessible local messages,
  • and the belief that professional scientists and government agencies value the work that they do, and are committed to supporting it, financially and institutionally.
THEMES: Can citizen scientists counter current anti-science attitudes to climate change, and help to build public trust in science? Or, is the recent popularity of citizen science indicative of growing public hostility towards professional expertise in favour of ‘alternative facts’ in a ‘post truth’ era? Does the democratization of science (by involving unpaid citizens) marginalize the authority of science ‘experts’ on subjects of environmental policy?
Related Media Coverage:
September 30, 2022 – The Role Of Citizen Scientists In Monitoring Lake Conditions (

Citizen scientists are involved in the Lake Partner Program of water quality monitoring, as well as numerous “watches” and surveys of flora, fauna and environmental conditions.

Find out more about how you can get involved, and why Citizen Science matters, in this short video introduction from FOCA, featuring some of our great volunteer lake associations:

June 16, 2021 – FOCA held a ‘lunch-and-learn’ webinar with our partners from the Gordon Foundation about the DataStream hub for the Great Lakes region, set to come online this Fall. Lake Partner Program data will be on DataStream. If you participate in water quality data collection of any kind in the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence region, you’ll want to hear about DataStream and the map and visualization tools that will make it easy to explore results, and see where else monitoring is taking place around you.

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image depicting sample pages from FOCA's Citizen Science Guide

TOOLS FOR YOU: Download a copy of FOCA’s digital publication, A Guide to Citizen Science at the Lake, which includes chapters about why to monitor, how to classify your lake, designing a water sampling program, an overview of Ontario Citizen Science Monitoring Programs, and an introduction to invertebrate sampling and identification.

Ongoing monitoring has benefits for our future. Long-term data shows baselines and trends within watersheds, and highlights outliers or changes. Being involved as a Citizen Scientist can connect you to your local community and your natural environment.

For more about Citizen Science monitoring programs for adults and kids to consider, see Appendix “A” of the FOCA Citizen Science Guide, above.

Related News:

October 2019 – FOCA participated in the annual Lake Links workshop, as a presenter and participant. The theme this year was “Applications for Citizen Science on your lake.” Download handouts, slides and videos from the day’s presentations, here:

August 2018 – link to this CBC News article about citizen scientists helping to track the movement of black widow spiders in northeastern US and southern Ontario.

Michelle LewinCitizen Science – An Overview